History of Badminton-:
A badminton like game was known in ancient Greece and Egypt- a game called battledore and shuttlecock, in which two players hit a featured shuttlecock back and forth with tiny rackets. The game was played in India during 18th century, at first it was called “Poona“. In the 1860s it was adopted by British army officers stationed in India. The officers took the game back to England, where it became a success at a party given by the Duke of Beaufort in 1873 at his estate called “Badminton” in Gloucestershire (country in South West England). A variation of Badminton which has been developed only recently, speed badminton, is played without a net and is gaining popularity especially in Germany.
Rules for the game-:
- A player must wait until the opponent is ready before serving.
- The feet of both the players must remain in stationary position until service is made. Your feet can’t be touching the line.
- It is not a fault if shuttle do not touch the racket while serving. But it will be considered as a fault if the shuttle touch the racket and falls on your side.
- A player can’t hold his racket near the net to ward off a downward stroke by his opponent.
Toss rules-: In the beginning of game the side who wins the toss have to decide that they want to serve first or they want to choose the side. If the toss winning side chooses service they will serve first and the opponent team chooses their desired side, but if the toss winning side chooses the side the opponent team will serve first. In my point of view if we win the toss we should chooses to serve first.
- The shuttle , at instant of being hit is higher than server waist.
- The shuttle doesn’t land in correct service court.
- The server’s feet are not in service court or if the feet of receiver are not in court diagonally opposite to the server.
- The server steps forward as he/she serves.
- A service or shot that lands outside court boundary.
- The shuttle in play is struck before it crosses the net to striker’s side of net.
- A players touching the net or his body or racket while shuttle is in play.
- Hitting the shuttle twice in succession by a player or team.
- A match consists of the best of 3-games each of 21 points.
- Every time there is a service there is a point scored.
- The side winning a game serves first in the next game.
- When the points are 20 on each side, it leads to dues which means both players on each side have 2-2 points, the one who scores 1 point it leads to advantage which means you need to score one more point to win the game but if your opponent scores the point then it again leads to dues and if continues to 29th point then the side who scores first wins the game.
Intervals and Change of Ends-:
- A one minute interval between each game is allowed.
- In the third game players change the ends when the leading scores reaches 11-points.
There are three types of games that are played internationally that are singles, doubles and mix doubles.
- In singles there are 2 players opposite to each other. At the beginning of the game when (0-0) and when the server’s score is a even number, the server serves from right side of the service court to the left side of the service court. If the server score 1 point, the server serves from the left side of the court to the right side of the receiver court.
- If the server wins a rally, server scores a point and then serves against from alternate service court.
- If the receiver wins the rally, the receiver scores a point and becomes new server. They serve from the appropriate service court like -: service from left to right side if the leading score is a odd number and serve from right to left side if the leading score is a even number.
- The side gallery in the court is considered as out in singles game means if the shuttle falls in the side gallery of the court it will be considered as a fault and the opponent player will get a point due to your mistake.
- In doubles game there are 4 players who play the game (2 players on each side). At the beginning of the game the score is even(0-0) the server serves from the right side of the court to the left side of the receiver court. When the point becomes odd, the server serves from the left side to the right side.
- If the serving side wins the rally , the serving side will score a point and same server serves again from alternate side of the court.
- If receiving side wins a rally, the receiving side scores a point. The side scores a point. The receiving side becomes new serving side.
- The players do not change their respective service courts until they win a point when their side is serving.
- The back gallery of the court is considered out only when service is done and is considered in during the rally means when service falls in the back gallery it will be considered as a fault and the receiver will get a point due to your mistake and will not be considered a fault during a rally.
- The side gallery is considered inside in the doubles game.
In mixed doubles game there are 4 players who play the game(1 boy and 1girl on each side). The rules of the game is same as the doubles game. The only difference is about the players.
Alley-: Side extension of court by 1/2 feet on both sides used for double play.
Back Alley-: Area between back boundary line and long service line.
Back gallery-: The back third line of court, in area of back boundary lines.
Base Line-: Back boundary line at each end of court, that runs parallel to the net.
Bird-: Another name of shuttlecock.
Centre Lines-: Line perpendicular to the net that separates the left and right service courts.
Court-: Area of play as defined by outer boundary lines.
Drive-: A fast and low shot.
Racket-: Instrument used by player to hit shuttle.
Rally-: This occurs when players hit the shuttle back and forth several times.
Service-: Players put shuttle into play for points.
Service court-: Area into which serve must be delivered.
Short service line-: The line which is after 6 and half feet from net.
Shuttlecock-: The name for the object that players hit made of ball of cock or rubber with the crown feathers.
Smash-: When a shuttle is floated high in the air, a player has time to unleash powerful overhand shot to floor of opponent court.
Wood Shot-: Shot that results when base of shuttle is hit by frame of racket.
Drop-: A shot hit so softly to fall rapidly and close to the net on opponent’s side.
Fault-: A violation of playing rules either in serving, receiving or during the game.
Half Shot-: A shot hit low and to the mid court.
Kill-: Fast downward shot that can’t be returned.
Long service line-: In singles match, back boundary line is called the long service line.
Match-: A series of game.
Net Shot-: Shot hit from forecourt that just clears the net.
Toss-: This is an offensive as well as defensive stroke. It is taken with overhead swing of the racket off to hit shuttle hard so that shuttle goes deep and back in the opponent’s court.
Smash-: This is an offensive stroke to stop the rally at once. In this, shuttle powerfully hit in downward direction. Shuttle goes steep down in the opponent’s court.
Half Smash-: This is a skill in which shuttle travels very fast in half court but land near to the net in the opponent court.
Drop-: This is a slow push to shuttlecock so that it just crosses the net and lands near net in opponent’s court.
Tab-: It is returning a rising shuttle with close close contact to the net by stepping ahead and placing the racket in path of shuttle.
Dribble-: It is the technique to return a coming drop by twisting the racket against the shuttle so that it touches the net and crosses to fall in the opponent’s court.
Flat Shuttle Return-: It is returning the coming shuttle with force, just at the height of net. This skill is called a drive. This skill is mostly used in doubles game.
Dimensions Of Court-:
The Net Line-: The net line marks the middle of court where the net is placed, creating a 22 by 20 feet area on each side of net.
Short Service Line-: The short service line is marked 6.6 feet from the center line. The area inside the short service line is also called non valley zone.
Centre Line-: The center line is the line that divides the court from short service line to back gallery line. This delineates left from right service court.
Side Line for Single Play-: The singles side line is marked 1/2 feet from the edge of outer boundary(doubles side line).
Back Boundary Line and Long Service Lines For Singles-: The back boundary line is same for singles and doubles play it is outermost back line on the court.
Long Service Line For Doubles-: The long service line for doubles is marled 1/2 feet inside back boundary line.
The Badminton Net-: The badminton net is 5 feet tall and is placed on the net line.
Overall Court Dimensions-: The overall dimensions of badminton court is 20 feet by 44 feet. The lines along these measurements mark the side lines for double play and long service lines for single play.
Hope this article helps you to gain knowledge about badminton and its rules and regulations.
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